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Hartford

Summary    
City/Town Name:
Hartford
State:
Connecticut
County:
Hartford County
Probate District:
1
Year Established:
1635
Year Incorporated:
1637
Form of Government:
Mayor
Town Hall Address:
City of Hartford
550 Main St.
Hartford, CT 06103
(860)522-4888
Research hours:
Tues-Weds-Thurs - 9 a.m to 3 p.m
Prefers to have an appointment
Web Address:
www.ci.hartford.ct.us

History Brief:
As early as 1633 the Dutch had established a trading post called Good Hope at Suckiage on the Connecticut River. After some early explorations, the Reverends Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone led their congregation in 1635 on an overland trek from Newtown, Massachusetts, to establish a plantation at nearly the same place. The settlement was first called Newtown but on 21 February 1636/7 the General Court changed the name to Hartford. Town vital records begin 1852. Barbour collection records cover 1635-1855.
   
Other City Names (1)
Name:The Insurance City
 
Settled From (1)
Town Name:Newtown (now Cambridge)
State:MA
 
Population (25)
Year:1756
Population:3027

Year:1774
Population:5031

Year:1782
Population:5495

Year:1790
Population:4090

Year:1800
Population:5347

Year:1810
Population:6003

Year:1820
Population:6901

Year:1830
Population:9789

Year:1840
Population:12793

Year:1850
Population:13555

Year:1860
Population:29152

Year:1870
Population:37743

Year:1880
Population:42551

Year:1890
Population:53230

Year:1900
Population:79850

Year:1910
Population:98915

Year:1920
Population:138036

Year:1930
Population:164072

Year:1940
Population:166267

Year:1950
Population:177397

Year:1960
Population:162178

Year:1970
Population:158017

Year:1980
Population:136392

Year:1990
Population:139739

Year:2000
Population:121578
 
Founding Families (140)
Surname:Adams, Jeremy

Surname:Allyn, Mathew

Surname:Andrews, Francis

Surname:Andrews, William

Surname:Arnold, John

Surname:Bacon, John

Surname:Barnard, John

Surname:Barnes, Thomas

Surname:Bartlett, Robert

Surname:Baysey, John

Surname:Bearding, Nathaniel

Surname:Betts, Mary

Surname:Billings, Richard

Surname:Birchwood, Thomas

Surname:Blackley, Thomas

Surname:Bliss, Thomas Jr.

Surname:Bliss, Thomas

Surname:Blumfield, William

Surname:Bridgeman, James

Surname:Bronson, John

Surname:Bull, Thomas

Surname:Bunce, Thomas

Surname:Burr, Benjamin

Surname:Butler, Richard

Surname:Butler, William

Surname:Church, Richard

Surname:Clarke, John

Surname:Clarke, Nicholas

Surname:Cole, James

Surname:Cornwall, William

Surname:Crow, John

Surname:Day, Robert

Surname:Desborough, Nicholas

Surname:Easton, Joseph

Surname:Elmer, Edward

Surname:Ely, Nathaniel

Surname:Ensign, James

Surname:Field, Zachary

Surname:Gardner, Samuel

Surname:Garret, Daniel

Surname:Gennings, John

Surname:Gibbons, William

Surname:Goodman, Richard

Surname:Goodwin, Ozias

Surname:Goodwin, William

Surname:Grant, Seth

Surname:Grave, John

Surname:Gridley, Thomas

Surname:Hale, Samuel

Surname:Hale, Thomas

Surname:Hall, John

Surname:Hart, Stephen

Surname:Hayden, William

Surname:Haynes, John

Surname:Higginson, John

Surname:Hills, William

Surname:Holloway, John

Surname:Holton, John

Surname:Hooker, Thomas

Surname:Hopkins, Edward

Surname:Hopkins, John

Surname:Hosmer, Thomas

Surname:Hubbard, George

Surname:Hyde, William

Surname:Ince, Johnathan

Surname:Judd, Thomas

Surname:Keeler, Ralph

Surname:Kelsey, William

Surname:Latimer, John

Surname:Lay, Edward

Surname:Lewis, William

Surname:Lord, Richard

Surname:Lord, Thomas Jr.

Surname:Lord, Thomas

Surname:Lyman, Richard

Surname:Marsh, John

Surname:Marvin, Mathew

Surname:Mayward, John

Surname:Moody, John

Surname:Morris, John

Surname:Munn, Benjamin

Surname:Mygatt, Joseph

Surname:Olcott, Thomas

Surname:Olmsted, James

Surname:Olmsted, John

Surname:Olmsted, Richard

Surname:Pantry, William

Surname:Parker, William

Surname:Peck, Paul

Surname:Phillips, William

Surname:Pierce, John

Surname:Porter, Thomas

Surname:Post, Stephen

Surname:Pratt, John

Surname:Pratt, William

Surname:Purchas, Thomas

Surname:Richards, Nathaniel

Surname:Richards, Thomas

Surname:Risley, Richard

Surname:Root, Thomas

Surname:Ruscoe, William

Surname:Sable, John

Surname:Scott, Thomas

Surname:Selden, Thomas

Surname:Seymour, Richard

Surname:Skinner, John

Surname:Smith, Arthur

Surname:Smith, Giles

Surname:Spencer, Thomas

Surname:Spencer, William

Surname:Stanley, Thomas

Surname:Stanley, Timothy

Surname:Stanton, Thomas

Surname:Stebbins, Edward

Surname:Steele, George

Surname:Steele, John

Surname:Stocking, George

Surname:Stone, Samuel

Surname:Talcott, John

Surname:Upson, Thomas

Surname:Wadsworth, William

Surname:Wakeley, Henry

Surname:Wakeley, James

Surname:Wakeman, Samuel

Surname:Ward, Nathaniel

Surname:Warner, Andrew

Surname:Warner, John

Surname:Watts, Richard

Surname:Watts, William

Surname:Webb, Richard

Surname:Webster, John

Surname:Welles, Thomas

Surname:Westley, William

Surname:Westwood, William

Surname:White, John

Surname:Whiting, William

Surname:Wilcox, John

Surname:Wolterton, Gregory

Surname:Woodford, Thomas

Surname:Wyllys, George
 
Cemeteries (55)
Name:Aaron Lodge

Name:Adas Israel

Name:Agudater Achim

Name:Albany Jewish Center

Name:All Jews

Name:Austrian Hebrew Cong.

Name:Beth Israel

Name:Capitol City Lodge

Name:Cedar Hill

Name:Center

Name:Charter Oak

Name:Colt Park

Name:Cong. Aguda Achim

Name:Cong. Beth Israel

Name:Dreyfus Lodge

Name:Emmanuel Synagogue

Name:First Burial Yard
Location:Main Street
Website:www.theancientburyingground.org/index.html

Name:First Conn Benevolent

Name:First Ludmir Benevolent

Name:Free Burial Assn.

Name:Hartford City Lodge

Name:Hartford Lodge #108

Name:Hebrew B Benefit Assn.

Name:Holy Trinity

Name:Hope of Zion

Name:Int'l Worker's Order

Name:Jewish #610

Name:Jewish War Veterans

Name:Jewish

Name:Jonathan Welfare

Name:Morison

Name:Moses Montifner

Name:Mt. Pleasant

Name:Mutual Society

Name:Northwood

Name:Old North (Solider Burial Grounds)

Name:Old South
Location:Maple Avenue
Website:www.ctgravestones.com/CTprojects/old_south.htm

Name:Peddler's #1909

Name:Peddler's Lodge

Name:Peddler's Lodge

Name:Posner

Name:Rothchild's Plot

Name:ST. Patrick's

Name:Share Torah

Name:Shevig Mishnay

Name:Single Grave

Name:Smallpox

Name:Soldier's Field

Name:Soldier's Memorial

Name:Spring Grove

Name:St, Joseph

Name:Starr Burying Ground

Name:Town House

Name:Westville

Name:Workman's Circle #15
 
Churches (35)
Name:Asylum Hill Congregational Church
Location:814 Asylum Ave
Website:www.ahcc.org

Name:Bethesda Apostolic Church
Location:249 Stanley

Name:Center Church Hartford
Location:60 Gold St
Website:www.centerchurchhartford.org

Name:Central Baptist Church
Location:457 Main St
Website:www.centralbaptisthtfd.org

Name:Christ Church Cathedral
Location:45 Church St
Website:www.ccathedral.org

Name:Church of God
Location:1365 Stanley St

Name:Church of God
Location:47 Ferry Flr1

Name:Church of the Good Shepard
Location:155 Wyllys St

Name:Elim Worship Centre
Location:856 Main St

Name:Emanuel Lutheran Church
Location:311 Capitol Ave
Website:www.emanuelhartford.org

Name:Faith Seventh-Day Adventist
Location:500 Woodland St

Name:Family Worship Center
Location:650 Blue Hills Ave

Name:First Presbyterian Church
Location:136 Capitol Ave
Website:www.firstpreshartford.org

Name:Grace Episcopal Church
Location:55 New Park Ave

Name:Grace Evangelican Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod
Location:1055 Randoph Rd

Name:Grace Lutheran Church ELCA
Location:46 Woodland Ave

Name:Hartfore All Nations S D A Church
Location:870 Prospect Ave

Name:Iglesia Bautista Hispana
Location:981 Park St

Name:Memorial Baptist Church ABC
Location:142 Farifield Ave

Name:Metropolitan Community Church
Location:1841 Broad St
Website:www.mcchartford.com

Name:New Dimension Christian Church
Location:449 Washington St

Name:New Testament Church of God
Location:339 Blue Hills Ave

Name:Our Lady of Fatima Church
Location:Fat;ima Square

Name:Shiloh Baptist Church
Location:350 Albany Ave
Website:www.shilohbc.net

Name:South Congregational Church of Hartford
Location:277 Main St
Website:www.southchurchhartford.org

Name:Southwest Church of Christ
Location:15 Newfield Ave
Website:www.southwestcoc-ct.org

Name:Spanish Seventh Day Adventist Church
Location:174 Rust St

Name:St Panteleimon Russian Orthodox Church
Location:10 Becket St
Website:www.russianchurch-ct.org

Name:St Peter Roman Catholic Church
Location:160 Main St

Name:St. Cyril & St Methodius Parish (Polish)
Location:56 Charter Oak Ave

Name:St. Monica's Episcopal Church
Location:31 Mather St

Name:Trinity Episcopal Church of Hartford
Location:120 Sigourney St

Name:Unitarian Meetinghouse
Location:50 Bloomfield Ave

Name:United Methodist Church of Hartford
Location:571 Farmington Ave
Website:www.umcofhartford.org

Name:Zion Lutheran Church
Location:531 Woodruff St
 
Monuments (7)
Name:Andersonville Boy
Description:Seven foot bronze on pink granite base. "In Memory of the Men of Connecticut Who Suffered in Southern Military Prisons 1861-1865"
Location:State Capitol Grounds
Type:Military
Dedication Date:10/23/1907
Artist/Sculptor:Bela Pratt

Name:Christopher Columbus
Description:Gift to the city from the Italian-American residents.
Location:Washington St. near the Capitol
Type:Other
Dedication Date:00/00/1000
Artist/Sculptor:Vincenzo Miserendino

Name:Layfayette
Description:Lifesize statue of Marquis de Layfayette on horseback.Gift of Mrs. Frances Hudson Storrs. Copy of the original in the Louvre, a gift to France from the schoolchildren of the U.S.
Location:Traffic circle on Capitol Ave in front of the Capitol
Type:Military
Dedication Date:00/00/1000
Artist/Sculptor:Paul Wayland Bartlett

Name:Petersburg Express
Description:Thirteen inch mortar (actually used in the seige of Petersburg) on a granite pedestal. Memorial to the Civil War service of the 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery.
Location:Near State Capitol
Type:Military
Dedication Date:09/25/1902
Artist/Sculptor:Paul Caberat

Name:Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch
Description:This Gothic brownstone and terra-cotta arch spans Park street. It recalls the service of 4,000 Hartford men who bore arms in the Civil War, including 400 who died. Only two states contributed more soldiers to the Union Army.
Location:Bushnell Park, Ford St.
Type:Military
Dedication Date:09/17/1886
Artist/Sculptor:George Keller, Architect

Name:Stedman Monument
Description:Twenty-one foot bronze on granite base. Inscribed GRIFFIN A. STEDMAN
TYPICAL VOLUNTEER SOLDIER OF THE CIVIL WAR, CAPTAIN
MAJOR,LIEUTENANT COLONEL, COLONEL, BRIGADIER GENERAL BORN AT HARTFORD, CONN., JANUARY 6, 1838.KILLED AT PETERSBURG, VA., AUGUST 5, 1864
Location:10 Campfield Ave
Type:Military
Dedication Date:10/04/1900
Artist/Sculptor:Frederick Moynihan

Name:Weld Monument
Description:White Marble Stele. approx. six feet, memorializes Lt. Col. Lewis Ledyard Weld, commander of the 41st Colored Infantry and his brother, Charles Theodore Weld, who was killed at Chancellorsville.
Location:Old North Cemetery, 1741 Main St
Type:Military
Dedication Date:1866
Artist/Sculptor:J.G. Batterson
 
Communities (4)
Name:Blue Hills

Name:Cedar Hill

Name:Charter Oak Terrace

Name:Parkville
 
Historical Locations (5)
Name:Harriet Beecher Stowe House
Location:77 Forest St

Name:Mark Twain House
Location:351 Farmington Ave

Name:Old State House
Location:800 Main St

Name:Soldiers and Sailors Monument
Location:Bushnell Park

Name:Wadsworth Antheneum
Location:600 Main St
 
Notable Citizens (19)
Name:Col. Albert Pope
Type:Historic

Name:Col. Samuel Colt
Type:Historic

Name:David Wooster
Type:Historic

Name:Dr. Horace Bushnell
Type:Historic

Name:Dr. Horace Wells
Type:Historic

Name:Fredrick Law Olmsted
Type:Historic

Name:Gov. George Wyllys
Type:Historic

Name:Harriet Beecher Stowe
Type:Historic

Name:J. P. Morgan
Type:Historic

Name:James Hammond Trumbull
Type:Historic

Name:John Greenleaf Whittier
Type:Historic

Name:Lydia Huntley Sigourney
Type:Historic

Name:Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
Type:Historic

Name:Noah Webster
Type:Historic

Name:Rev. Samuel Stone
Type:Historic

Name:Rev. Thomas Hooker
Type:Historic

Name:Wallace Stevens
Type:Historic

Name:William Gillette
Type:Historic

Name:Willie Pep
Type:Contemporary
 
Newspapers (7)
Name:Hartford Business Journal
Type:Historic
Location:25 Lewis St
Website:www.hbjournal.com

Name:Hartford Courant
Type:Both
Website:www.ctnow.com

Name:Northeast Minority News
Type:Contemporary
Location:3580 Main St

Name:The American Catholic
Type:Contemporary
Location:270 Farmington Ave

Name:The Connecticut Law Tribune
Type:Contemporary
Location:201 Ann St

Name:The Hartford Inquirer
Type:Contemporary
Location:3281 Main St

Name:The Hartford Times
Type:Historic
Website:www.cslib.org/newspaper/wellesarticle.htm
 
Schools (1)
Name:Capital Community College
Type:College
Location:950 Main St., Hartford, CT, 06103
Website:www.ccc.commnet.edu
 
Libraries (4)
Name:Connecticut Historical Society
Type:Current
Location:1 Elizabeth St., Hartford, CT 06105
Website:www.chs.org

Name:Connecticut State Library and Archives
Type:Current
Location:231 Capital Ave, Hartford, CT, 06106
Website:www.cslib.org

Name:Hartford Public Library
Type:Current
Location:500 Main St., Hartford, CT, 06103
Website:www.hplct.org

Name:Watkinson Library (Trinity College)
Type:Current
Location:300 Summit St., Hartford, CT 06106
Website:www.trincoll.edu/depts/library/watkinson
 
Published Histories (8)
Name: A Digest of Early Connecticut Probate Records, Hartford District, vol. I, 1635-1750.
Author:Charles William Manwaring
Date Published:1904
Publisher:R.S. Peck & Co., Hartford, CT
Description:Complied by Charles William Manwaring, a Member of the Historical Society, vol. 1 of a three vol. set.

Name: A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records, vol. II, 1740-1729
Author:Charles William Manwaring
Date Published:1904
Publisher:R. S. Peck & Co., Hartford, CT
Description:See Vol. I

Name:A Digest of Early Connecticut Probate Records, Hartford District, vol. III, 1729-1750
Author:Charles William Manwaring
Date Published:1906
Publisher:R.S. Peck & Co., Hartford, CT
Description:See Vol. I

Name:Families of Early Hartford
Author:Lucius Barnes Barbour
Date Published:1977
Publisher:CSG Inc. and Gen. Pub. Co., Baltimore
Description:Prepared from an unpublished Barbour manuscript by the Connecticut Society of Genealogists, Inc. in cooperation with the Connecticut State Library.

Name:History of the First Church in Hartford, 1633-1883
Author:George Leon Walker
Date Published:1884
Publisher:Brown & Gross, Hartford, CT

Name:Original Distribution of the Lands in Hartford Among the Settlers, 1639
Author:Connecticut Historical Society
Date Published:1912
Publisher:Connecticut Historical Society
Description:Also known as "Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, Vol. XIV", includes "Early Hartford Vital Records"

Name:The Colonial History of Hartford
Author:William DeLoss Love
Date Published:02/23/1914
Publisher:Centinel Press (1974 latest edition)
Description:Originally published in 1914, republished in 1935, Bicentennial Edition reproduced from the 1935 edition by Connecticut Publisher and published in 1974 by Centinel Hill Press in association with Pequot Press, ISBN 87106-133-3

Name:The Memorial History of Hartford, County, Connecticut, 1633-1884
Author:J. Hammond Trumbull
Date Published:1886
Publisher:E.L. Osgood, Boston, MA
Description:Two volume set.
 
Genealogy Websites (1)
Website Name:Hartford Vital Records from Barbour, 1668-1852
Website Address:freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jdevlin/barbour/hartford_barbour_a.htm
 
Historic Timeline (0)
No Data Available.
 
Town Historian (1)
Name:Robert Pawlowski
Contact Data:15 Pilfershire Lane
West Simsbury, CT 06092
 
Vital Records (1)
Birth:1852 - Present (Town), 1635 - 1855 (Barbour)
Marriage:1852 - Present (Town), 1635 - 1855 (Barbour)
Death:1852 - Present (Town), 1635 - 1855 (Barbour)
 





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